Sebastia-Frasquet, MT; Aguilar-Maldonado, JA; Herrero-Dura, I; Santamaria-del-Angel, E; Morell-Monzo, S; Estornell, J (2020). Advances in the Monitoring of Algal Blooms by Remote Sensing: A Bibliometric Analysis. APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL, 10(21), 7877.

Since remote sensing of ocean colour began in 1978, several ocean-colour sensors have been launched to measure ocean properties. These measures have been applied to study water quality, and they specifically can be used to study algal blooms. Blooms are a natural phenomenon that, due to anthropogenic activities, appear to have increased in frequency, intensity, and geographic distribution. This paper aims to provide a systematic analysis of research on remote sensing of algal blooms during 1999-2019 via bibliometric technique. This study aims to reveal the limitations of current studies to analyse climatic variability effect. A total of 1292 peer-reviewed articles published between January 1999 and December 2019 were collected. We read all the literature individually to build a database. The number of publications increased since 2004 and reached the maximum value of 128 in 2014. The publications originated from 47 countries, but the number of papers published from the top 10 countries accounted for 77% of the total publications. To be able to distinguish between climate variability and changes of anthropogenic origin for a specific variable is necessary to define the baseline. However, long-term monitoring programs of phytoplankton are very scarce; only 1% of the articles included in this study analysed at least three decades and most of the existing algal blooms studies are based on sporadic sampling and short-term research programs.