Alqasemi, AS; Hereher, ME; Al-Quraishi, AMF; Saibi, H; Aldahan, A; Abuelgasim, A (2020). Retrieval of monthly maximum and minimum air temperature using MODIS aqua land surface temperature data over the United Arab Emirates. GEOCARTO INTERNATIONAL.

Spatially distributed air temperature (Ta) data are essential for environmental studies. Ta data are collected from meteorological stations of sparse distribution. This problem can be overcome by using remotely sensed datasets at different scales. This study used land-based temperature measurements and satellite data for estimating Ta distribution over the United Arab Emirates. Land-based Ta data from 11 weather stations during 2003 to 2019 were used with MODIS Aqua LST for both daytime (LSTd) and nighttime (LSTn) data. The results indicate a significant correlation between LST and Ta with regression coefficients R-2 > 0.94/0.96 and Root Mean Square Error about 1.75/0.97 degrees C of LSTd/T-max and LSTn/T-min, respectively. Large variability was observed between the daytime and nighttime mean temperature distribution indicating the importance of MODIS LST as a proxy for Ta. These countrywide Ta grids provide vital tools for the planning of environmental and economic developments in the era of global climate change.