Wang, RF; Huang, D; Zhang, X; Wei, P (2020). Combined pattern matching and feature tracking for Bohai Sea ice drift detection using Gaofen-4 imagery. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING, 41(19), 7486-7508.

Sea ice is the main cause of winter marine disasters in the Bohai Sea, which is an important sea area in China. The sea ice in the Bohai Sea is easily deformed by strong water currents and rapid temperature changes. Consequently, low spatial and temporal resolution data cannot meet the needs of high-precision monitoring of the sea ice in the Bohai Sea. The geostationary satellite Gaofen-4 (GF-4) has the unique advantages of a high temporal resolution (20 s) and a high spatial resolution (50 m) and can be used to monitor sea ice drift in the Bohai Sea. We evaluate a new algorithm that combines the scale-invariant feature transform (SIFT) technique and the normalized cross-correlation (NCC) method to obtain accurate sea ice drift information. The interclass separability method is used to determine the optimal band combination (OBC), and the results show that the OBC for distinguishing sea ice from sea water is B(2)x(B(1)x B-5)(-1). The proposed method improves noise immunity and calculation efficiency and considers the characteristics of ice blocks. The proposed algorithm can also obtain more correctly matched feature points than the NCC method and approximately 10 times more correct points than the SIFT technique. The mean absolute error (MAE) of the velocity obtained with the proposed algorithm is 0.1615 m s(-1)lower than those obtained with the SIFT and NCC methods, and the root mean square error of the velocity determination of the three algorithms is very small. The MAE of the ice movement direction obtained with the proposed algorithm is 0.605 degrees lower than those obtained with the SIFT and NCC methods, and the MAE of a second data set is 12.378 degrees better than that of the SIFT method. The motion of sea ice obtained by the proposed algorithm is close to the actual movement of the sea ice in the Bohai Sea.