Choi, YY; Suh, MS (2020). Development of a Land Surface Temperature Retrieval Algorithm from GK2A/AMI. REMOTE SENSING, 12(18), 3050.

Land surface temperature (LST) is an important geophysical element for understanding Earth systems and land-atmosphere interactions. In this study, we developed a nonlinear split-window LST retrieval algorithm for the observation area of GEO-KOMPSAT-2A (GK2A), the next-generation geostationary satellite in Korea. To develop the GK2A LST retrieval algorithm, radiative transfer model simulation data, considering various impacting factors, were constructed. The LST retrieval algorithm was developed with a total of six equations as per day/night and atmospheric conditions (dry/normal/wet), considering the effects of diurnal variation of LST and atmospheric conditions on LST retrieval. The emissivity of each channel required for LST retrieval was calculated in real-time with the vegetation cover method using the consecutive 8-day cycle vegetation index provided by GK2A. The indirect validation of the results of GK2A LST with Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) LST Collection 6 showed a high correlation coefficient (0.969), slightly warm bias (+1.227 K), and root mean square error (RMSE) (2.281 K). Compared to the MODIS LST, the GK2A LST showed a warm bias greater than +1.8 K during the day, but a relatively small bias (<+0.7 K) at night. Based on the results of the validation with in situ measurements from the Tateno station of the Baseline Surface Radiation Network, the correlation coefficient was 0.95, bias was +0.523 K, and RMSE was 2.021 K.