Wang, Q; Bu, LB; Tian, L; Xu, JJ; Zhu, SZ; Liu, JQ (2020). Validation of an airborne high spectral resolution Lidar and its measurement for aerosol optical properties over Qinhuangdao, China. OPTICS EXPRESS, 28(17), 24471-24488.

Compared with ground-based lidar, airborne lidar has a wider observation area, which is useful for studying aerosol distribution and transportation. A dual-wavelength high spectral resolution Lidar (HSRL) was developed for the validation and calibration of an upcoming satellite payload. The HSRL was installed on an airplane, and field campaigns were conducted in Qinhuangdao, China. Meanwhile, four observation sites were established at different locations on the ground to verify the results of the airborne lidar. This article compares the HSRL measurements with those from ground-based micro-pulse lidar (MPL), Mie-scattering lidar, sun photometer, and spaceborne cloud-aerosol Lidar and infrared pathfinder satellite observations (CALIPSO), and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). The stability and reliability of the HSRL system were fully verified. The flight area covered several surface types, including ocean, town, mountain, and forest, which strongly affect the AOD above them. The boundary layer AOD was analyzed in different regions, based on the impact of human activities. The results demonstrated that the AOD in urban area was the largest, and smallest in marine areas, a result ascribed to the influence of industrial activities. (C) 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement