Zhao, W; Xiong, DH; Wen, FP; Wang, XD (2020). Lake area monitoring based on land surface temperature in the Tibetan Plateau from 2000 to 2018. ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 15(8), 84033.

Lake area change in the Tibetan plateau is an important indicator for climate change assessment. To overcome the temporal inconsistency of optical remote sensing-based lake area detections, a land surface temperature (LST)-based detection scheme was proposed by utilizing the big difference between land and water surface temperatures. A trend test conducted by the Mann-Kendall (MK) method was successfully applied to investigate lake area variation from 2000 to 2018 with the use of the annual mean temperature information derived from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) LST daily product. A comparison with the monitoring results from Landsat images indicates the proposed method can provide spatial distributions of lake area change with high accuracy. More importantly, the temporal variation of annual mean LST provides a special way to detect the abrupt change year (ACY) in lake area.The ACYs of most lakes mainly occur from 2004 to 2012. For an individual lake, the ACY offers vital information about the lake area change process. In summary, this work demonstrates the good potential of the LST-based method for lake area monitoring and assessment.