Ma, R; Letu, H; Yang, K; Wang, TX; Shi, C; Xu, J; Shi, JC; Shi, CX; Chen, LF (2020). Estimation of Surface Shortwave Radiation From Himawari-8 Satellite Data Based on a Combination of Radiative Transfer and Deep Neural Network. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, 58(8), 5304-5316.

In this article, we developed a hybrid method to estimate surface shortwave radiation (SSR) for the new-generation Himawari-8 geostationary satellite. This hybrid method combines the advantages of a deep neural network (DNN) with high speed and radiative transfer model (RTM) to achieve high accuracy: the RTM provides training data for the DNN under various cloud and aerosol conditions (including heavy aerosol loadings). Moreover, our hybrid method can simultaneously output the byproducts of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), ultraviolet A (UVA), and Ultraviolet B (UVB), the direct and diffuse components at the surface, and the upward solar radiation at the top-of-atmosphere (TOA). The trained DNN was applied to the Himawari-8 satellite atmospheric products for 2016 and comprehensively validated using a total of 118 stations from four networks located in the full-disk regions of Himawari-8. The results showed an RMSE of 125.9 Wm(-2) for instantaneous SSR, 105.4 Wm(-2) for hourly SSR, 31.9 Wm(-2) for daily SSR, and respective mean bias error (MBE) scores of 8.1, 27.6, and 12.3 Wm(-2). The hybrid method developed in this study performed well, achieving high accuracy and high speed, and it is capable of providing near-real-time SSR estimates for many applied energy fields.