Sannigrahi, S; Pilla, F; Basu, B; Basu, AS; Sarkar, K; Chakraborti, S; Joshi, PK; Zhang, Q; Wang, Y; Bhatt, S; Bhatt, A; Jha, S; Keesstra, S; Roy, PS (2020). Examining the effects of forest fire on terrestrial carbon emission and ecosystem production in India using remote sensing approaches. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 725, 138331.

Remote sensing techniques are effectively used for measuring the overall loss of terrestrial ecosystemproductivity and biodiversity due to forest fires. The current research focuses on assessing the impacts of forest fires on terrestrial ecosystem productivity in India during 2003-2017. Spatiotemporal changes of satellite remote sensing derived burn indices were estimated for both fire and normal years to analyze the association between forest fires and ecosystem productivity. Two Light Use Efficiency (LUE) models were used to quantify the terrestrial Net Primary Productivity (NPP) of the forest ecosystem using the open-source and freely available remotely sensed data. A novel approach (delta NPP/delta burn indices) is developed to quantify the effects of forest fires on terrestrial carbon emission and ecosystem production. During 2003-2017, the forest fire intensity was found to be very high (N2000) across the eastern Himalayan hilly region, which ismostly covered by dense forest and thereby highly susceptible to wildfires. Scattered patches of intense forest fires were also detected in the lower Himalayan and central Indian states. The spatial correlation between the burn indices and NPP were mainly negative (-0.01 to -0.89) for the fire-prone states as compared to the other neighbouring regions. Additionally, the linear approximation between the burn indices and NPP showed a positive relation (0.01 to 0.63), suggesting amoderate to high impact of the forest fires on the ecosystemproduction and terrestrial carbon emission. The present approach has the potential to quantify the loss of ecosystem productivity due to forest fires. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.