Liu, YY; Zhang, YZ; Cai, JZ; Tsou, JY (2020). Analyzing the Effects of Sea Surface Temperature (SST) on Soil Moisture (SM) in Coastal Areas of Eastern China. REMOTE SENSING, 12(14), 2216.

In this paper, we applied the re-analysis data cobe-SST (cobe-sea surface temperature) and Global Land Data Assimilation System (GLDAS) surface soil moisture (SM) data from 1961 to 2011 by using regional correlation analysis and time series causality analysis to trace annual variations in and identify the abnormal relationship of sea surface temperature (SST) in the eastern China Sea and SM in eastern China (EC). We also used satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) SST and AMSR-E SM data to examine the correlation of SST and SM in EC from 2004-2009. The results show that the SST in the eastern China Sea has experienced a warming trend since 1987, whereas the SM in EC has shown a drying trend since 1978. Before 1967 and after 1997, SST and SM changed during opposite phases, whereas from 1967 to 1997 they changed during the same phase. The differences between them may result from the abnormal summer precipitation causing abnormal SM. According to the regional correlation analysis, SST of the East China Sea is significantly related to SM in the southeast coastal area, and temporal sequence causality analysis shows that SST is correlated with and has higher influence on SM than vice versa. SM during spring and autumn shows a similar correlation with SST during the four seasons, so that SM in spring and autumn is positively correlated with SST in autumn and negatively correlated with SST in other seasons. SM in summer and winter correlated with SST in the four seasons, contradicting the foregoing conclusions. All these findings indicate that the thermodynamic state of the eastern China Sea has affected SM in EC.