Ma, Y; Liu, LY; Chen, RN; Du, SS; Liu, XJ (2020). Generation of a Global Spatially Continuous TanSat Solar-Induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence Product by Considering the Impact of the Solar Radiation Intensity. REMOTE SENSING, 12(13), 2167.

Solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) provides a new and direct way of monitoring photosynthetic activity. However, current SIF products are limited by low spatial resolution or sparse sampling. In this paper, we present a data-driven method of generating a global, spatially continuous TanSat SIF product. Firstly, the key explanatory variables for modelling canopy SIF were investigated using in-situ and satellite observations. According to theoretical and experimental analysis, the solar radiation intensity was found to be a dominant driving environmental variable for the SIF yield at both the canopy and global scales; this has, however, been neglected in previous research. The cosine value of the solar zenith angle at noon (cos (SZA(0))), a proxy for solar radiation intensity, was found to be a dominant abiotic factor for the SIF yield. Next, a Random Forest (RF) approach was employed for SIF prediction based on Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) visible-to-NIR reflectance data, the normalized difference vegetation (NDVI), cos (SZA(0)), and air temperature. The machine learning model performed well at predicting SIF, giving R(2)values of 0.73, an RMSE of 0.30 mW m(-2)nm(-1)sr(-1)and a bias of 0.22 mW m(-2)nm(-1)sr(-1)for 2018. If cos (SZA(0)) was not included, the accuracy of the RF model decreased: the R(2)value was then 0.65, the RMSE 0.34 mW m(-2)nm(-1)sr(-1)and an bias of 0.26 mW m(-2)nm(-1)sr(-1), further verifying the importance of cos (SZA(0)). Finally, the globally continuous TanSat SIF product was developed and compared to the TROPOspheric Monitoring Instrument (TROPOMI) SIF data. The results showed that the globally continuous TanSat SIF product agreed well with the TROPOMI SIF data, with an R(2)value of 0.73. Thus, this paper presents an improved approach to modelling satellite SIF that has a better accuracy, and the study also generated a global, spatially continuous TanSat SIF product with a spatial resolution of 0.05 degrees.