Luo, X; Zhang, YQ; Sun, DQ (2020). Response Patterns of Vegetation Phenology along Urban-Rural Gradients in Urban Areas of Different Sizes. COMPLEXITY, 2020, 7607936.

On the basis of MODIS Enhanced Vegetation Index time series data and multisource data, such as nighttime light data and China City Statistical Yearbook data, we investigated the differences in vegetation phenology along urban-rural gradients in urban areas of different sizes between coastal and inland cities in Liaoning Province, China. The results showed that the following: (1) the iterative extraction of urban built-up areas using the threshold method based on nighttime light data combined with the definition of urban built-up areas had high accuracy. (2) Additionally, we found that the start of the growing season (SOS) in Liaoning Province occurred between day 100 and day 180, while the end of the growing season (EOS) occurred between days 260 and 330. The difference in the SOS between coastal cities (i.e., Dalian, Yingkou, Panjin, Jinzhou, Huludao, and Dandong) and inland cities (i.e., Chaoyang, Fuxin, Tieling, Shenyang, Fushun, Liaoyang, Benxi, and Anshan) was 1.70 days. However, the difference in the EOS was more significant, i.e., the EOS in coastal cities occurred 4.47 days later than that in the inland cities. (3) In urban areas of different sizes, the increment SOS and increment EOS of inland cities had negative correlations with urban size. Specifically, when the urban size increased 10-fold, the increment SOS and increment EOS advanced by 10.03 and 5.71 days, respectively. In contrast, the increment SOS and increment EOS of coastal cities had positive and negative correlations with the urban size, respectively. Specifically, when urban size increased 10-fold, increment SOS was delayed by 11.29 days while EOS was advanced by 8.83 days.