Xue, K; Ma, RH; Shen, M; Li, Y; Duan, HT; Cao, ZG; Wang, D; Xiong, JF (2020). Variations of suspended particulate concentration and composition in Chinese lakes observed from Sentinel-3A OLCI images. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 721, 137774.

The concentration and composition of suspended particulate matter provide important information for evaluating water quality and understanding the variability in the underwater light field in lakes. In this study, inherent optical property (IOP)-centered algorithms were developed to estimate the concentrations of chlorophyll-a (Chla, [mg/m(3)]) and suspended particulate matter (SPM, [g/m(3)]) and the Chla/SPM ratio (an indicator of the suspended particulate composition) of 118 lakes in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze and Huai Rivers (MLYHR) of China using Sentinel-3A/OLCI (Ocean and Land Colour Instrument) data collected from August 2016 to July 2018. The mean Chla concentration and Chla/SPM ratio were high in summer and low in winter, while the mean SPM peaked in winter and decreased in summer. The 94 lakes in the Yangtze River basin had a higher mean Chla concentration (30.94 +/- 14.84) and Chla/SPM ratio (0.97 x 10(-3) +/- 0.60 x 10(-3)), but a lower mean SPM (44.87 +/- 12.61) than the 24 lakes in the Huai River basin (Chla: 27.35 +/- 12.18, Chla/SPM: 0.79 x 10(-3) +/- 0.48 x 10(-3), SPM: 47.31 +/- 13.40). Regarding the mean values of each lake, Chla and Chla/SPM ratio correlated well with temperature, whereas the wind speed and precipitation had little effect on the variations of suspended particulate matter. Moreover, shipping transportation and sand dredging activities affected the spatial distribution of Chla, SPM, and Chla/SPM in several large lakes (e.g., Lake Poyang and Lake Dongting). Chla/SPM related well with other proxies that express the suspended particulate composition, and had a significant correlation with the Chla-specific absorption coefficient of phytoplankton at 443 nm (a(ph)*(443)). The remotely sensed concentration and composition of suspended particulate matter can provide a comprehensive reference for water quality monitoring and expand our knowledge of the trophic status of the lakes. (C) 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.