Wang, LG; Wang, XY; Wang, QM (2020). Using 250-m MODIS Data for Enhancing Spatiotemporal Fusion by Sparse Representation. PHOTOGRAMMETRIC ENGINEERING AND REMOTE SENSING, 86(6), 383-392.

Spatiotemporal fusion is an important technique to solve the problem of incompatibility between the temporal and spatial resolution of remote sensing data. In this article, we studied the fusion of Landsat data with fine spatial resolution but coarse temporal resolution and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data with coarse spatial resolution but fine temporal resolution. The goal of fusion is to produce time-series data with the fine spatial resolution of Landsat and the fine temporal resolution of MODIS. In recent years, learning-based spatiotemporal fusion methods, in particular the sparse representation-based spatiotemporal reflectance fusion model (SPSTFM), have gained increasing attention because of their great restoration ability for heterogeneous landscapes. However, remote sensing data from different sensors differ greatly on spatial resolution, which limits the performance of the spatiotemporal fusion methods (including SPSTFM) to some extent. In order to increase the accuracy of spatiotemporal fusion, in this article we used existing 250-m MODIS bands (i.e., red and near-infrared bands) to downscale the observed 500-m MODIS bands to 250 m before SPTSFM-based fusion of MODIS and Landsat data. The experimental results show that the fusion accuracy of SPTSFM is increased when using 250-m MODIS data, and the accuracy of SPSTFM coupled with 250-m MODIS data is greater than the compared benchmark methods.