Nade, DP; Potdar, SS; Pawar, RP; Taori, A; Kulkarni, G; Siingh, D; Pawar, SD (2020). Intra-annual variations of regional total column ozone, aerosol optical depth, and water vapor from ground-based, satellite-based and model-based observations. ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH, 237, 104860.

The Microtops II ozonometer has been deployed to continuously measure the total column ozone (TCO), precipitable water content (PWC) and aerosol optical thickness (AOT) at Atigre village (16.74 degrees N, 74.37 degrees E, 604 m above sea level, masl) located on the southeastern slope of Indian western Ghats. The Microtops II ozonometer measurements during the period from September 2017 to June 2018 were analyzed along with the retrieved products of Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) onboard NASA's Terra satellites and also the ERA-interim reanalysis model. We found that the TCO (or PWC) data from the OMI (or MODIS) and the ERA reanalysis model data products are in good agreement. The measurements showed strong seasonal variability such that TCO was lowest in the winter season but increased in the summer season, and both PWC and AOT were lowest in the post-monsoon season and increased in the summer season. In continuous ERA-interim reanalysis TCO observations, we found the three types of periodicities in the daily mean TCO as well as PWC (i) The weekly (7 days), (ii) quasi-biweekly (14 to 16 days), (iii) Madden Julian Oscillations (MJO) (30-60 days) oscillations. These oscillations depend on the periodic weather changes in the troposphere. We also observe that the average day to day variability in daily mean TCO observations in the observational period is about 1.4%, 1.1%, 2.62% in the Microtops II ozonometer, ERA-interim reanalysis, and OMI data respectively. We found the positive correlation between daily mean AOT and PWC in all seasons (except monsoon), which is maximum in the winter season, showing the hygroscopic nature of aerosols. The sources of water vapor and aerosol at our location are also studied using back-trajectory analysis.