Lu, LZ; Wu, CY; Di, LP (2020). Exploring the Spatial Characteristics of Typhoon-Induced Vegetation Damages in the Southeast Coastal Area of China from 2000 to 2018. REMOTE SENSING, 12(10), 1692.

The southeast coastal area of China (SCAC), a typhoon-prone area with a long coastline, suffers severe damage from typhoons almost every year. Exploring the spatial characteristics of historical typhoon-induced vegetation damage (VD) is crucial to predicting VD after severe typhoon landfalls and improving strategies for vegetation protection and restoration. Remote sensing is an efficient and feasible approach for measuring large-scale VD caused by natural disasters. This paper, by exploring the spatial distribution of VD of every severe landfalling typhoon with Google Earth Engine (GEE), aims to reveal the spatial characteristics of typhoon-induced VD in SCAC. Firstly, the values of disaster vegetation damage index (DVDI), difference in enhanced vegetation index (DEVI), and normalized difference vegetation index (DNDVI) for the 28 selected landing typhoons in SCAC were calculated and compared by using moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) data in GEE. Secondly, every DVDI image was overlaid with land cover, elevation, relative aspect and typhoon path layers in ArcGIS. Thirdly, spatial characteristics of VD were revealed with the aid of spatial statistical analysis. The study found that: (1) DVDI is a more effective index for evaluating VD caused by typhoons. (2) The Pearl River Delta is the most severe VD region. The severe VD regions for four typhoon groups have significantly spatial correlation with typhoon-landing locations. (3) Forests are ranked the first in terms of damaged areas by typhoon in every year, followed by sparse forests. (4) Topography has no influence on VD by a single typhoon event, and relative aspect has no correlation with VD caused by typhoons in SCAC.