Bei, XY; Yao, YJ; Zhang, LL; Lin, Y; Liu, SM; Jia, K; Zhang, XT; Shang, K; Yang, JM; Chen, XW; Guo, XZ (2020). Estimation of Daily Terrestrial Latent Heat Flux with High Spatial Resolution from MODIS and Chinese GF-1 Data. SENSORS, 20(10), 2811.

Reliable estimates of terrestrial latent heat flux (LE) at high spatial and temporal resolutions are of vital importance for energy balance and water resource management. However, currently available LE products derived from satellite data generally have high revisit frequency or fine spatial resolution. In this study, we explored the feasibility of the high spatiotemporal resolution LE fusion framework to take advantage of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and Chinese GaoFen-1 Wide Field View (GF-1 WFV) data. In particular, three-fold fusion schemes based on Enhanced Spatial and Temporal Adaptive Reflectance Fusion Model (ESTARFM) were employed, including fusion of surface reflectance (Scheme 1), vegetation indices (Scheme 2) and high order LE products (Scheme 3). Our results showed that the fusion of vegetation indices and further computing LE (Scheme 2) achieved better accuracy and captured more detailed information of terrestrial LE, where the determination coefficient (R-2) varies from 0.86 to 0.98, the root-mean-square error (RMSE) ranges from 1.25 to 9.77 W/m(2) and the relative RSME (rRMSE) varies from 2% to 23%. The time series of merged LE in 2017 using the optimal Scheme 2 also showed a relatively good agreement with eddy covariance (EC) measurements and MODIS LE products. The fusion approach provides spatiotemporal continuous LE estimates and also reduces the uncertainties in LE estimation, with an increment in R-2 by 0.06 and a decrease in RMSE by 23.4% on average. The proposed high spatiotemporal resolution LE estimation framework using multi-source data showed great promise in monitoring LE variation at field scale, and may have value in planning irrigation schemes and providing water management decisions over agroecosystems.