Zhang, TT; Hu, H; Ma, XS; Zhang, YB (2020). Long-Term Spatiotemporal Variation and Environmental Driving Forces Analyses of Algal Blooms in Taihu Lake Based on Multi-Source Satellite and Land Observations. WATER, 12(4), 1035.

The algal blooms caused by the eutrophication of lakes is a major environmental problem. In this study, we took China's Taihu Lake as the research area, using multi-source satellite imagery data to monitor the information of algal blooms from 2008 to 2017. Following the analyses of the temporal and spatial variation trends of the blooms, water quality and meteorological data from land observation stations were employed to investigate the main environmental driving forces of the algal bloom outbreaks. The results show that, over the decade, the blooms with medium and higher hazard degrees mainly occurred in summer and autumn, and especially in autumn. From 2008 to 2016, the algal blooms outbreak degree was relatively stable, but, in 2017, it was severe, and the Northwest Lake area and the northern bays had heavier blooms than the other lake areas. From the analyses of the environmental driving forces, the variation trend of total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) concentrations in Taihu Lake from 2008 to 2017 was moderate, and the minimum concentrations of TN and TP both exceeded the threshold for algal bloom outbreaks. It was also found that the algal bloom area had notable correlations with the sunshine duration, wind speed and direction, precipitation, and air pressure. The research results of this paper will provide a theoretical basis for the scientific prediction of the occurrence of algal blooms in Taihu Lake.