Zhang, Q; Cheng, J (2020). An Empirical Algorithm for Retrieving Land Surface Temperature From AMSR-E Data Considering the Comprehensive Effects of Environmental Variables. EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE, 7(4), UNSP e2019EA001006.

Microwave (MW) remote sensing has the potential to obtain all-weather land surface temperature (LST) and serves as a complement to the thermal-infrared (TIR) LST under cloudy sky conditions. However, the accuracy of MW LST is generally lower than that of TIR LST, making the retrieval of highly accurate all-weather LST a challenging task. We propose an empirical algorithm for retrieving LST from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR-E) brightness temperature (BT) data. First, we constructed a comprehensive classification system of environmental variables (CCSEV), allowing for the influence of topography, land cover, solar radiation, and atmospheric condition on the spatiotemporal distribution of LST, then the LST was expressed as a function of the combination of different AMSR-E channels for each CCSEV class. When performing the testing with the data from 2005, 2009 and 2011, the accuracy is 3.27 K, 2.65 K and 3.48 K in the daytime and 2.94 K, 2.63 K, 2.15 K at nighttime, respectively. The proposed algorithm was compared to an existing algorithm developed for China without considering the topography. The result shows that the accuracy of LST has improved by 2.81 K in the daytime and 2.14 K at nighttime in China, compared with the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) LST. The verification at the Naqu sites in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau shows that the accuracy has improved by 1-2 K in the daytime and 0.7-1 K at nighttime. These results indicate that the developed algorithm is universal and accurate and benefits the retrieval of accurate all-weather LST.