Bai, HM; Wang, MH; Zhang, ZB; Liu, YW (2020). Synergetic Satellite Trend Analysis of Aerosol and Warm Cloud Properties ver Ocean and Its Implication for Aerosol-Cloud Interactions. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 125(6), e2019JD031598.

Decadal-scale trends in aerosol and cloud properties provide important ways for understanding aerosol-cloud interactions. In this paper, by using MODIS products (2003-2017), we analyze synergetic trends in aerosol properties and warm cloud properties over global ocean. Cloud droplet number concentration (CDNC) and aerosol parameters (aerosol optical depth, angstrom exponent, and aerosol index) show consistent decreasing trend over East Coast of the United States (EUS), west coast of Europe (WEU), and east coast of China (EC), and no significant trend in liquid water path is found over these regions during the period 2003-2017. Over regions with significant long-term trends of aerosol loading and CDNC (e.g., EUS and WEU), the sensitivity of CDNC to aerosol loading based on the long-term trend is closer to those derived from ground and aircraft observations and larger than those derived from instantaneous satellite observations, providing an alternative way for quantifying aerosol-cloud interactions. A clear shift in the normalized probability density function of CDNC between the first 5 years (2003-2007) and the last 5 years (2013-2017) is found, with a decrease of around 50% in the occurrence frequency of high CDNC (>400 cm(-3)) over EUS and WEU. The relative variances of cloud droplet effective radius generally decrease with decreasing aerosol loading, providing large-scale evidence for the effects of anthropogenic aerosols on the dispersion of cloud droplet size distribution. The long-term satellite data sets provide great opportunities for quantifying aerosol-cloud interactions and further confronting these interactions in climate models in the future.