Huang, G; Chen, YH; Li, ZQ; Liu, Q; Wang, YY; He, QS; Liu, TQ; Liu, X; Zhang, Y; Gao, JC; Yao, YF (2020). Validation and Accuracy Analysis of the Collection 6.1 MODIS Aerosol Optical Depth Over the Westernmost City in China Based on the Sun-Sky Radiometer Observations From SONET. EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE, 7(3), UNSP e2019EA001041.

Toward the Kashi region in northwest of China, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aerosol optical depth (AOD) retrievals from Collection 6 (C6) MYD, Collection 6.1 (C6.1) MOD, and C6.1 MYD during 2016-2017 are compared with ground-based measurements from the Sun- sky Radiometer Network (SONET), and the first comprehensive evaluation of the Dark Target (DT) and Deep Blue (DB) retrievals with a 10-km spatial resolution in the latest C6.1 MYD AOD data set during 2016-2018 is presented. In general, C6.1 MYD AOD products (both of DT and DB algorithm) are the most effective in Kashi of the three collections, and there is an overall underestimation of DB AOD, while DT AOD that slightly outperformed DB AOD in Kashi is overestimated on the whole. As to the factors that influence the accuracy of MODIS AOD, for DB algorithm, the overestimations of the surface reflectance and Single Scattering Albedo that DB aerosol model assumed can cause underestimation of DB AOD retrievals over Kashi, while the ones for DT algorithm are opposite. Besides, the coarse dust particles with lower veracity are predominant in Kashi region, which illustrated that the errors of particle size assumption in C6.1 MYD DT and DB algorithms will make large inversion error of MODIS AOD. Moreover, whatever DB or DT algorithm, the accuracy of AOD is diminished as the aerosol loading increases. The more realistic aerosol models and surface characterizations are necessary during the process of generating the MODIS aerosol retrievals in Kashi region.