Unnikrishnan, A; Reddy, CS (2020). Characterizing Distribution of Forest Fires in Myanmar Using Earth Observations and Spatial Statistics Tool. JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN SOCIETY OF REMOTE SENSING, 48(2), 227-234.

This is the first of its kind work on the assessment of forest burnt area and fire hotspots of Myanmar using Landsat OLI data and spatial statistics tool. Burnt area analysis indicates 15.2% of vegetation area was affected by fires in 2017. Analysis of burnt area at state level indicates Kayah affected by more fires in 2017. Of the total vegetation fire occurrences from 2003 to 2017 about 44.7% were observed in the forested landscapes of Myanmar. The emerging hotspot analysis had shown the highest spatial extent of persistent hotspots followed by oscillating hotspots. Forest fire hotspots are mainly found in the states of Kayah, Shan, Bago, Nayi Pyi Taw, Magway, Mandalay, Chin, and Kayin. Overall earth observations based on 2003 to 2017 fire occurrences indicate a declining trend of fires in Myanmar. A comparison of the fire occurrences recorded by MODIS and VIIRS indicates that VIIRS is capable of detecting a greater number of fire incidences. The findings of the study would support in assessing the impact of fires on forest, its structure, composition, function, and provide valuable input for nationwide forest fire management.