Hook, SJ; Cawse-Nicholson, K; Barsi, J; Radocinski, R; Hulley, GC; Johnson, WR; Rivera, G; Markham, B (2020). In-Flight Validation of the ECOSTRESS, Landsats 7 and 8 Thermal Infrared Spectral Channels Using the Lake Tahoe CA/NV and Salton Sea CA Automated Validation Sites. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, 58(2), 1294-1302.

The ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS) was launched on June 29, 2018, to the International Space Station (ISS). Landsats 7 and 8 were launched on April 15, 1999 and February 11, 2013, respectively. The thermal channels of all three instruments have been validated at the Lake Tahoe, CA/NV, USA, and Salton Sea, CA, USA, automated validation sites. These sites have been used to validate a large number of thermal infrared radiometers including ASTER, MODIS, and VIIRS. We have validated 41 cloud-free ECOSTRESS scenes acquired between July 29, 2018 and June 23, 2019; 625 cloud-free Landsat 7 scenes acquired between June 30, 1999 and February 7, 2019; and 375 cloud-free Landsat 8 scenes acquired between March 10, 2013 and February 8, 2019. Validation involved propagating ground measurements to equivalent at-sensor (vicarious) values and comparing them to the measurements obtained from the sensor using its on-board calibration (OBC). The overall correlation between the in situ measurements and at-sensor radiance for the thermal channels from all three instruments was excellent with R-2 of 0.98-0.99 in all the spectral channels. All three instruments were shown to meet or improve on their preflight absolute radiometric accuracy requirement with absolute radiometric values of better than +/- 1 K at 300 K. All three instruments were also shown to have in-flight noise equivalent delta temperatures which were similar to their preflight values and between 0.1 and 0.3 K depending on the spectral channel.