Sun, SB; Song, ZL; Chen, X; Wang, TJ; Zhang, YG; Zhang, DB; Zhang, HF; Hao, Q; Chen, BZ (2020). Multimodel-based analyses of evapotranspiration and its controls in China over the last three decades. ECOHYDROLOGY, 13(3), e2195.

Evapotranspiration (ET) plays a key role in linking water, energy, and carbon cycles. However, at regional scales, variations and controls of ET are still not well understood, due to the substantial uncertainties in ET estimates. Here, the variations in ET over China during the last three decades and their drivers and controls were analysed at monthly, seasonal, and annual scales, using well-evaluated land surface model simulations. The results suggested that (a) the spatially averaged ET over China increased during 1979-2012 at each temporal scale. Overall, the ET significantly increased (p < .05) in most of western China and decreased in several regions in eastern China during most months and seasons. (a) The increases in spatially averaged ET during the nongrowing season were mainly determined by warming. The increased annual ET, seasonal ET, and monthly ET within the growing season were jointly caused by vegetation greening and climate warming. (c) During November-March, ET was primarily determined by temperature in most of central China and was determined by water availability in the remaining regions. The annual ET and the monthly ET within April-October were mainly controlled by water availability in most of northern and western China, and several regions in central China, by solar radiation in most of central and southern China and by temperature in some regions in the Tibetan Plateau. The study highlights the large effects of warming and greening on ET over China during the last three decades. The results may benefit water resource management under climate change.