Feng, X; Li, JY (2020). Evaluation of the Spatial Pattern of the Resolution-Enhanced Thermal Data for Urban Area. JOURNAL OF SENSORS, 2020, 3427321.

With the development of urbanization, land surface temperature (LST), as a vital variable for the urban environment, is highly demanded by urban-related studies, especially the LST with both fine temporal and spatial resolutions. Thermal sharpening methods have been developed just under this demand. Until now, there are some thermal sharpening methods proposed especially for urban surface. However, the evaluation of their accuracy still stopped at the level that only considers the statistical aspect, but no spatial information has been included. It is widely acknowledged that the spatial pattern of the thermal environment in an urban area is relatively critical for urban-related studies (e.g., urban heat island studies). Thus, this paper chose three typical methods from the limited number of thermal sharpening methods designed for the urban area and made a comparison between them, together with a newly proposed thermal sharpening method, superresolution-based thermal sharpener (SRTS). These four methods are analyzed by data from different seasons to explore the seasoning impact. Also, the accuracy for different land covers is explored as well. Furthermore, accuracy evaluation was not only taken by statistical variables which are commonly used in other studies; evaluation of the spatial pattern, which is equally important for urban-related studies, was also carried out. This time, the spatial pattern not only was analyzed qualitatively but also has been quantified by some variables for the comparison of accuracy. It is found that all methods obtained lower accuracies for data in winter than for data in other seasons. Linear water features and areas along it are difficult to be detected correctly for most methods.