Guo, XJ; Zhang, CC; Luo, WR; Yang, J; Yang, M (2020). Urban Impervious Surface Extraction Based on Multi-Features and Random Forest. IEEE ACCESS, 8, 226609-226623.

Impervious surface data has become an indicator of the degree of urbanization and the environmental quality, which inspires the widely use of remote sensing technology in extracting impervious surface. In order to reduce the confusion between impervious surface and other landcover types, this paper proposed an effective urban impervious surface extraction method based on multi-features and Random Forest (RF). First, Sentinel-2 multispectral data and Luojia 1-01 images are employed to extracted multi-features, including spectral features, texture features and temporal features. Then, a feature selection method with null importance is proposed to remove irrelevant features. Finally, Probabilistic Label Relaxation (PLR) is introduced into RF to obtain the classification results and impervious surface. The main urban areas of Zhengzhou and Hangzhou are selected as study areas. The experiment results show that the integration of the multi-features can significantly improve the overall accuracy of classification and the extraction accuracy of impervious surface. And the classification accuracy can be further improved after the feature selection with null importance. Besides, the PLR method can effectively reduce the salt-and-pepper phenomenon of classification results using random forest, which presupposes the optimal number of iterations. The method proposed in this paper can effectively improve the estimation of impervious surface and provide an important reference for the extraction of impervious surface based on pixel level.