Zhou, XJ; Wang, PX; Tansey, K; Ghent, D; Zhang, SY; Li, HM; Wang, L (2020). Drought Monitoring Using the Sentinel-3-Based Multiyear Vegetation Temperature Condition Index in the Guanzhong Plain, China. IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN APPLIED EARTH OBSERVATIONS AND REMOTE SENSING, 13, 129-142.

The vegetation temperature condition index (VTCI) has been shown to perform well for drought monitoring using multiyear advanced very high-resolution radiometer (AVHRR) and moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) data. Compared to single-year VTCI, the VTCI calculated by multiyear data can quantitatively reflect the degree of drought and precipitation in a region. Sentinel-3 is a recently launched remote sensing satellite with high temporal resolution and is similar to the satellites carrying AVHRR and MODIS sensors. One year of Sentinel-3 data is available for calculating the VTCI, and given the need for developing quantitatively drought monitoring capabilities, the aim of this study is to investigate the methods used to calculate the potential multiyear Sentinel-3 VTCI for quantitative drought monitoring. This is based on a comparison with multiyear Terra MODIS VTCI and a correlation analysis with cumulative precipitation data. The analysis results indicate that the potential multiyear Sentinel-3 VTCI can be accurately calculated from the single-year Sentinel-3 VTCI based on the linear correlation between the single-year VTCI and multiyear VTCI derived from Terra MODIS, which do not exhibit obvious systematic deviations from the multiyear Terra MODIS VTCI (the absolute value of the average bias <0.04). The multiyear Sentinel-3 VTCIs can quantitatively reflect the drought levels, which are significantly correlated with the recent cumulative precipitation throughout the study period (R-2 = 0.731, P < 0.001). Therefore, it is proposed that Sentinel-3 can successfully inherit the VTCI-based drought monitoring tasks from MODIS.