Wang, LW; Zheng, YF; Liu, C; Niu, ZY; Xu, JX; Chen, WF; Jiang, RS (2020). Combination of AIRS Dual CO2 Absorption Bands to Develop an Ice Clouds Detection Algorithm in Different Atmospheric Layers. REMOTE SENSING, 12(1), 6.

The use of infrared (IR) sensors to detect clouds in different layers of the atmosphere is a big challenge, especially for ice clouds. This study aims to improve ice cloud detection using Lin's algorithm and apply it to Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS). To achieve these objectives, the scattering and emission characteristics of clouds as perceived by AIRS longwave infrared (LWIR, similar to 15 mu m) and shortwave infrared (SWIR, similar to 4.3 mu m) CO2 absorption bands are applied for ice cloud detection. Hence, the weighting function peak (WFP), cut-off pressure, and correlation coefficients between the brightness temperatures (BTs) of LWIR and SWIR channels are used to pair the LWIR and SWIR channels. After that, the linear relationship between the clear-sky BTs of the paired LWIR and SWIR channels is established by the cloud scattering and emission Index (CESI). However, the linear relationship fails in the presence of ice clouds. Comparing these results with collocated Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) observations show that the probability of detection of ice clouds for Pair-8 (WFP similar to 330hPa), Pair-19 (WFP similar to 555hPa), and Pair-24 (WFP similar to 866hPa) are 0.63, 0.71, and 0.73 in the daytime and 0.46, 0.62, and 0.7 in the nighttime at a false alarm rate of 0.1 when ice clouds top pressure above 330 hPa, 555 hPa, and 866 hPa, respectively. Furthermore, the thresholds of the three pairs are 2.4 K, 3 K, and 8.7 K in the daytime and 1.7 K, 1.7 K, and 4.4 K in the nighttime at the highest Heike Skill Score (HSS). The error of HSS values based on thresholds of ice clouds is between 0.01 and 0.02 which is comparable with the ice cloud detection results in both day and night conditions. It is shown that Pair-8 (WFP similar to 330hPa) can detect opaque and thick ice clouds above its WFP altitude over the tropical areas but it is unable to observe ice clouds over the mid-latitude while Pair-19 and Pair-24 can identify ice clouds above their WFP altitude.