Wang, HS; Yu, YY; Yu, P; Liu, YL (2020). Land Surface Emissivity Product for NOAA JPSS and GOES-R Missions: Methodology and Evaluation. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, 58(1), 307-318.

Land surface emissivity (LSE) is a key parameter for the determination of land surface temperature (LST) from thermal remotely sensed data. A new LSE product has been developed at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), College Park, MD, USA, to enhance the LST product for the Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) and the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite R-Series (GOES-R) missions as well as to support the forecasting models. A 1-km resolution bare ground emissivity was derived from the historical Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer Global Emissivity Dataset (ASTER-GED) and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) LSE product. It is then spectrally adjusted to the split window (SW) channels of Visible/Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) onboard JPSS and Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) from GOES-R. VIIRS daily green vegetation fraction and snow fraction products are subsequently used to account for the dynamic variations. Validation results indicate that the product has a good agreement with in situ observations, with an emissivity difference less than 0.006 at the bare surface sites and a difference less than 0.007 at one cropland site with three growth stages. The intercomparison with NASA VIIRS daily LSE product proves a good agreement with a standard deviation of less than 0.012. To evaluate the LSE performance in LST retrieval, a whole year VIIRS LST is produced and validated over the SURFace RADiation budget observing network (SURFRAD) sites. The results indicate that the LSE works well with LST RMSE of 1.78 (daytime) and 1.58 K (nighttime). The new LSE algorithm has been integrated to NOAA-20 LST with the status of provisional maturity and will be applied on GOES-16/17 LST product in the near future.