February 3, 2023 - Winter in the Maritimes

Bay of Fundy

On February 1, 2023, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on board NASA’s Aqua satellite captured a true-color image of winter in Canada’s Maritimes.

The Maritimes are made up of three provinces, Nova Scotia, Prince Edwards Island, and New Brunswick. Each can be seen in this image, with New Brunswick (west) separated from Nova Scotia by the Bay of Fundy. The partially ice-coated Northumberland Strait flows between Prince Edward Island and the other two provinces, while the open waters of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence wash the northern shores of the Island.

The wintery scene seems to be painted in monochrome, except for splashes of muddy-toned brick red floating in the northern reaches of the Bay of Fundy. The Bay of Fundy is the scene of the highest tides in the world, which can rise up to 52 feet (16 meters). As the waves crash against the shores and wash against muddy Bay and river bottoms, sediment gets stirred up, creating persistently stained water at these locations.

Image Facts
Satellite: Aqua
Date Acquired: 2/1/2023
Resolutions: 1km (162.2 KB), 500m (443.7 KB), 250m (401.9 KB)
Bands Used: 1,4,3
Image Credit: MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA GSFC