October 4, 2022 - Hurricane Orlene


Wind shear was beginning to tug at Hurricane Orlene on the afternoon of October 2, 2022, causing windspeeds to drop as the powerful storm approached landfall over Mexico. Orlene started the day as a Category 4 hurricane with maximum sustained winds of 130 mph (209.2 km/h) and slowly weakened throughout the day. It made landfall in southwest Mexico just north of the Nayarit and Sinaloa boarder around 7:45 a.m. local time (9:45 a.m. EDT on October 3 with maximum sustained winds of about 85 mph (140 km/h), or a Category 1 storm on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.

The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on board NASA’s Terra satellite acquired a true-color image of Hurricane Orlene on October 2. At that time, the storm showed an asymmetrical appearance and a cloud-filled eye as rain bands stretched far towards the northeast over the Islas Marias and mainland Mexico.

Near the time this image was acquired, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) advised that Hurricane Orlene was located about 80 miles (125 km) west of Cabo Corrientes, Mexico and about 85 miles (135 km) south-southwest of Las Islas Marias, Mexico. The storm was a Category 3 hurricane, carrying maximum sustained winds of 115 mph (185 km/h).

Hurricane Orlene quickly dissipated as moved inland on October 3, bringing heavy rain and high winds to west-central Mexico. Flooding has been reported in Mexico especially along the Canas River, thanks to drenching rain brought by the hurricane.

Image Facts
Satellite: Aqua
Date Acquired: 10/2/2022
Resolutions: 1km (325.3 KB), 500m (3.1 MB), 250m (3.3 MB)
Bands Used: 1,4,3
Image Credit: MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA GSFC